An efficient and vibrant Road Transport System in a State is the most essential ingredient for the long-term socio-economic and cultural prosperities. It has direct bearing on the quality of the live of the people. With enormous implications embodied, the efficacies of road transport system is inextricably linked with the types and extent of regulatory, management and administrative setup in the State.
The first Indian Motor Vehicle Act was passed in 1914 with only 18 Sections. It conferred powers to local Governments to regulate the use of motor vehicles by way of registrations, licensing and punishments. But with the break of First World War in1914 and great depression at global level till 1930, the Act almost remained ineffective all over the country. In 1939, the Motor Vehicle Act was enacted with the recommendations of Indian Railways Enquiry Committee headed by Wadge wood. This MV Act, 1939 laid the foundation of formal administrative machinery in road transport which functions till date. The Act, besides enforcing restrictions on the movements of vehicles on road in terms of registrations, licensing, permits and penalties in elaborate procedures and rules, ensured the creation of State and Regional Transport Authorities at State and District level all over the country for the first time, of course, in complete collaboration with Police department. Since then, the administrative structure of the road transport in the State have been reshaped, streamlined and more reorganized from time to time with the subsequent enactment of MV Acts and their amendments.
The basic rationale behind the need for a strong administration in road transport sector in the State were as follows:
1. Transport is a Concurrent Subject.
2. The national investment in roads and road transport sector is as high as in other modes of transport and communication like railways, airways, waterways etc.
3. The road transport department was grossly under staffed.
4. The accelerated pace of road transport development cannot be denied in the process of rapid economic development. This essentially requires an efficient management and administration of this vital sector.
With about 50lakhs registered vehicles and annual generation of Rs 910 crore (2014-15) revenue for the State exchequer, the administrative machinery of the road transport department of the State of Orissa functions in a multidisciplinary approach. Its administration is manned by combined network of civil servants, automobile engineers, police personnel, statisticians and judicial experts.
The main objectives of transport administration are:
· To maintain and improve the skill management for the department personnel.
· To ensure transparency in the day-to-day management and administration of the officials.
· To enhance the scope of additional resource mobilization in road transport sector.
· To provide a road user friendly transport administration in the State.
· To protect the public interest by making their mobility safe and comfortable on road.
· To expedite the process of modernization for a more efficient, vibrant and productive road transport management system in the State.
3.3. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS
Orissa Motor Vehicle Department, headed by the Transport Commissioner, Orissa under the Commerce & Transport Department of Govt. of Orissa is the apex body for enforcing & regulation road transport administration in the State. It discharges its responsibilities through the following administrative network:
A. HEAD QUARTERS
· Transport Commissioner cum Chairman as the head of the State Transport Authority, Orissa ensures appropriate implementation of provision of MV Act and Rules made there under; collection of MV revenue and regulation of passenger and goods transport by road for delivering an efficient, convenient and safe transport system to the mobile population of the State.
· All the RTOs, Border Check gates, Dy Commissiner’s offices and Driving Training School are under the administrative control of Transport Commissioner.
i.) Addl Commissioner, Transport (Administration):– One senior officer from Orissa Administrative Service holds the post of Addl Commissioner Transport (Admin) which has overall responsibility of maintaining administrative discipline and reforms in the department.
ii.) Addl. Commissioner, Transport (Enforcement) – One senior officer from Indian Police Service in the rank of D.I.G holds the post of Addl. Commissioner of Transport to ensure timely and effective enforcement of the MV Act and Rules.
iii.)Secretary, State Transport Authority -cum-Addl Commissioner, Transport (Permit) - The post is discharged by one Senior OAS Officer who is responsible for issuing inter-district permits, inter-state permits to stage carriages and national permits to goods vehicle to ply in other states.
iv.) Additional Commissioner, Transport (Technical) – One senior Technical Officer holds the post with the responsibility to monitor and administer the works of IMVs and Jr. IMVs of the department.
v.) Joint Commissioner Transport (Tax) – One Class I officer from OAS cadre discharges this duty by monitoring, reviewing and auditing the tax revenue collection of all RTOs and check gates.
B. REGIONAL TRANSPORT OFFICE (RTO):- There are 35 RTOs and 3 ARTOs distributed geographically in the state of Orissa keeping the public convenience in mind and vehicle population within the region. The staffing pattern of each RTO includes one Regional Transport Officer (RTO), Inspector of Motor Vehicle IMV, Addl RTO (Enforcement), Addl RTO (General), Asst RTO, Traffic Inspectors, Traffic Sub-Inspectors, OMVD Constables (Enforcement) and Ministerial Staff. RTO is in overall charge of transport administration in the region. They act as the key personnel in field offices to enforce the Motor Vehicle Act and Rules.
C. BORDER CHECK GATES :- There are 13 border check gates in the State under the administrative control of OMVD of which 4 are major check gates namely Girisola, Jamsola, Luharchatti and Laxmannath catering almost 80% of the total traffic. These check gates mostly operate jointly with the Commercial Tax department. Each OMVD check gate is controlled by one ARTO and Junior IMVs. They watch on the movement of interstate vehicles.
D. DRIVING TRAINING SCHOOL :- There is one Government runned Driving Training School under the administrative control of OMV department which is located at Bhubaneswar. The school headed by Principal, imparts training to unemployed youths for self-employment, direct employment and income generation.
E. DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF TRANSPORT :- There are three Range offices viz. Central Range, Southern Range and Northern Range located at Cuttack, Berhampur and Sambalpur respectively headed by Deputy Commissioner, Transport. They monitor & supervise the functions of RTOs under their jurisdiction. They review the work performances of the RTOs at regular time intervals and report to the STA head quarters.